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1 Corinthians 1:2) or another word, with it (1 Timothy ). (Statement of Beliefs of the Continuing Church of God, accessed 09/07/13) The Roman Catholic Church teaches the same visible organization (though its other literature suggests it somewhat includes autonomous groups, like the Eastern Orthodox) is the true Church. This tracing provides information that demonstrates that the true Church of God (COG) is neither Protestant nor Eastern Orthodox nor Roman Catholic, but is truly the church that holds the same beliefs as the original apostles. The words run: "Wheresoever the bishop shall appear, there let the people be, even as where Jesus may be, there is the universal [katholike] Church." However, in view of the context, some difference of opinion prevails as to the precise connotation of the italicized word..the beginning of the fourth century it seems to have almost entirely supplanted the primitive and more general meaning... 155) to "the bishop of the catholic church in Smyrna" (Letter on the Martyrdom of St. The doctrine of the Church as set forth by the Apostles after the Ascension is in all respects identical with the teaching of Christ just described. Peter, in his first sermon, delivered on the day of Pentecost, declares that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messianic king (Acts ). Thus it does not appear that Peter was considered to be the bishop of Rome during Paul's lifetime (and they both died about the same time) as Rome was clearly a Gentile area. And in this state of affairs they held fellowship with each other; and Anicetus conceded to Polycarp in the Church the celebration of the Eucharist, by way of showing him respect (Irenaeus. Translated by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson. To these things all the Asiatic Churches testify, as do also those men who have succeeded Polycarp down to the present time -- a man who was of much greater weight, and a more stedfast witness of truth, than Valentinus, and Marcion, and the rest of the heretics. Anyhow the heresies are at best novelties, and have no continuity with the teaching of Christ. But if any shall be found to be judaizers, let them be anathema from Christ (THE COMPLETE CANONS OF THE SYNOD OF LAODICEA IN PHRYGIA PACATIANA). We must then continue to search our lives and be willing to confess our sins and shortcomings as we discover them. While the Church of Rome tends to claim that its beliefs come from sacred scripture or the traditions of the original apostles, the idea of auricular confession and penance did not come from either source--they are late heresies, essentially adopted from non-Christian sources. History of Auricular Confession and the 'Sacrament of Confession' 09/04/13) The COG considers repentance and confession to God necessary for Christians. Every discussion of revelation notes that revelation ended when the last apostle died. Catholicism and fundamentalism: the attack on "Romanism" by "Bible Christians." Ignatius Press, 1988, p. [Correct] traditions..right and decent standards derived from biblical principles (Mc Nair R. This is a major difference between the COG and the Roman Catholics (an article of possible interest may be Tradition and the Bible). Another division has been adopted by the English and Helvetian Protestant churches on the authority of Philo Judæus, Josephus, Origen, and others, whereby two Commandments are made to cover the matter of worship, and thus the numbering of the rest is advanced one higher; and the Tenth embraces both the Ninth and Tenth of the Catholic division. Commandment 2 "You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve" (Matthew ). In the Middle Ages, the doctrine of purgatory was rejected by the Albigenses, Waldenses, and Hussites. Purgatory as the Romans teach it, clearly was not an original part of "the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints " (Jude 3). 09/07/13) It should be noted that the COG considers that it practices apostolic Christianity and that some of the Albigenses, Cathari, Waldenses, Bogomils, and Vaudois were part of the COG and thus historically, the COG has never accepted the Roman Catholic Church doctrine of purgatory--please see Did the Early Church Teach Purgatory? For more on history, please also see the article The Churches of Revelation 2 & 3. 135 taught, For I choose to follow not men or men's doctrines, but God and the doctrines [delivered] by Him. One day has our Saviour set apart for a commemoration of our deliverance, namely, of His most holy Passion" (Theodoret of Cyrus. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Volume 3. One of these, being perfectly preserved, measured about seven inches in diameter and was creased with seven ridges which facilitated the breaking of the loaf without the aid of a knife. The finger of the Lord-the Holy Spirit, by whose operation the tables of the law in Exodus are said to have been written (Melito. But as to those animals which do indeed chew the cud, but have not the double hoof, and are themselves unclean..Lord says, "Why call ye Me Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say to you? Hence the Catholics (and the Protestants that follow this edict) are relying on a pronouncement of a bishop of Rome. Popes have divided the known and yet to be discovered world between colonial powers..plunged nations and continents into war (Duffy, Eamon. The Bible also teaches that this world has been deceived by Satan the devil (Revelation 12:9) and that God’s people need to be separate from the world (John ; 2 Corinthians -17; Revelation 18:4). Nay more, we produce two witnesses, those who stood before Lord on Mount Sinai: Moses was in a cleft of the rock, and Elias was once in a cleft of the rock: they being present with Him at His Transfiguration on Mount Tabor (Cyril of Jerusalem. They have much in common with the Old Testament prophets Moses and Elijah ( Kurz W. And if anyone would harm them, fire pours out from their mouth and consumes their foes; if anyone would harm them, thus he is doomed to be killed. This Pope will have with him the great Monarch, a most virtuous man, who shall be an eminent leader of the holy line of French Kings. Polycarp became prominent during the first couple of decades of the second century. Romans ) though often with another term, like a geographic region (cf. While Peter played a predominant role among the apostles, after his death, that leadership role would have passed to another apostle (John) and not to an elder who may have lived in Rome. (Pope: Truth, not trend, must guide Christians in dialogue with others. Tracing the history of the Christian church through the seven churches of Revelation 2 & 3 gives strong indications of who the descendants of the true church are today (for more details, please see the article The Churches of Revelation 2 & 3). Ignatius to the Smyrnaeans, written about the year 110. New Testament Church Started in Jerusalem on Pentecost Both teach that the New Testament Church started on Pentecost in Acts 2. (for he that wrought in Peter to the Apostleship of the circumcision, wrought in me also among the Gentiles) (Galatians 2:7-8, Rheims NT of 1582, unless otherwise indicated). And when the blessed Polycarp was sojourning in Rome in the time of Anicetus, although a slight controversy had arisen among them as to certain other points…For neither could Anicetus persuade Polycarp to forego the observance [in his own way], inasmuch as these things had been always observed by John the disciple of our Lord, and by other apostles with whom he had been conversant; nor, on the other hand, could Polycarp succeed in persuading Anicetus to keep [the observance in his way], for he maintained that he was bound to adhere to the usage of the presbyters who preceded him. But Polycarp also was not only instructed by apostles, and conversed with many who had seen Christ, but was also, by apostles in Asia, appointed bishop of the Church in Smyrna…always taught the things which he had learned from the apostles, and which the Church has handed down, and which alone are true. Pentecost Was Observed on a Sunday Although many, but not all, Jews observe Pentecost on Sivan 6, both the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of God observe Pentecost on a Sunday. The term, adopted from the Greek-speaking Jews (Tob. ; Josephus, "Ant.", III, x, 6; etc.) alludes to the fact that the feast, known in the Old Testament as "the feast of harvest of the firstfruits" (Exodus ), "the feast of weeks" (Exodus ; Deuteronomy : II Paralipomenon ), the "day of firstfruits" (Numbers ), and called by later Jews 'asereth or 'asartha (solemn assembly, and probably "closing festival", Pentecost being the closing festival of the harvest and of the Paschal season) (Souvay C. CHRISTIANS must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath, but must work on that day, rather honouring the Lord's Day; and, if they can, resting then as Christians. If we admit our powerlessness to change ourselves on our own, then believe and trust in God's power to do so through Jesus Christ and His sacrifice, and humbly ask Him to take over our lives, we are on the way! Tomorrow's World magazine, May-June 2001) And while the Bible advocates repentance, penance is from outside of sacred scripture as well as the earliest traditions of the true Church of God. They believe, however, that it ended up the death of the last apostle...study the first chapter of any elemental theological work by a Catholic. Dominic" the inquisitor in the early 13th century)--and such "private prophecies" do not need to be believed, even by Catholics. Scripture is inspired in thought and word and contains knowledge of what is needed for salvation ( While the COG considers that tradition can have a certain value, it specifically does not believe that tradition can be used to accept teachings contrary to scripture. Reprint TAN Books ,1990, p.23) Supposedly, when the apparition appeared on October 13, 1917, Lucia, Francisco, and Jacinta saw her hold a brown scapular in her hand (Madigan L. According to this manner of reckoning, the injunction forbidding the use of the Lord's Name in vain comes second in order; and the decimal number is safeguarded by making a division of the final precept on concupiscence--the Ninth pointing to sins of the flesh and the Tenth to desires for unlawful possession of goods. "And you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength. "You shall worship the LORD your God, and Him only you shall serve" (Luke 4:8). The faith of the Church concerning purgatory is clearly expressed in the Decree of Union drawn up by the Council of Florence (Mansi, t. 1031), and in the decree of the Council of Trent... The history of the Christian church from the birth of Christ to the xviii. The fact is that neither the Greeks (the Orthodox) nor the true Church of God ever adopted purgatory, nor abandoned the teaching of apocatastasis. Roman Catholic Church: The Roman Catholic Saint Justin c. It must also be borne in mind, that upon so important a point as the celebration of a feast of such sanctity, discord is wrong. The loaves discovered in an oven of a bakery at Pompeii weighed about a pound each. The unclean, however, are those which do neither divide the hoof nor ruminate... The above book should have said the obligations of biblical origin as the dietary restrictions began with God and not Jews (the distinction between clean and unclean animals was known by at least Noah's time, since God so declared in Genesis 7:2-3; no one called of God in the Old Testament is ever shown to have consumed unclean meat). As the Roman empire collapsed, and the barbarian nations arose to fill the vacuum, the popes..themselves to shape the destiny of the West...creating emperors, deposing monarchs... The Apostle Peter taught that God’s people were “a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out” (1 Peter 2:9). Commentary on the Apocalypse, From the 11th Chapter). These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands which stand before the Lord of the earth. At the same time, by the will of God, a most holy man shall receive the Papacy, who will be most perfect in every spiritual perfection.Historical writings from those considered to be true Christians by the real COG and Roman Catholic Church, such as Polycarp of Smyrna (d. The most faithful of all of them appears to be the "If the Church is true all in her is true" (Cited in Schmoger Carl E. "The Church considers that her most important mission in today's culture is to keep alive the search for truth..." (Church's Mission Is to Seek Truth, Says Pope. John had a prominent position in the Apostolic body... Paul in opposing his enemies in Galatia names John explicitly along with Peter and James the Less as a "pillar of the Church"..Apostle and Evangelist John lived in Asia Minor in the last decades of the first century and from Ephesus had guided the Churches of that province (Fonck L. Some say, however, that according to the common law the place of Purgatory is where man sins. But the rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished. Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection.The Life and Revelations of Anne Catherine Emmerich, Volume 2. This does not seem probable, since a man may be punished at the same time for sins committed in various places. Over such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years.
While both groups publicly provide doctrinal and historical materials, relatively few (if any) have attempted to do a detailed comparison of the two groups, especially in the 21st century. This fairly long article will attempt to highlight some of the major similarities and dissimilarities between the Roman Catholic Church and the genuine Church of God --with a focus on the early beliefs of those who professed Christianity. These marks identify four essential qualities and characteristics of the Church that distinguish the True Church from any false claimants. Church of God, which attempts to represent the most faithful remnant of the Philadelphia portion of the Church of God, bases its beliefs on the Holy Bible. "Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation" (Revelation ). Commandment 9 "Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord. "And you have tested those who say they are apostles and are not, and have found them liars" (Revelation 2:2). 09/04/13) It does not seem logical that a statement in the middle of the tenth commandment could be made as a commandment separate from the rest of that statement. The Vatican put out a paper "The Hope of Salvation for Infants Who Die Without Being Baptized" in April 2007 that essentially explains that God probably has a better plan than Limbo (some pontiffs in the past--Gregory I, Innocent I, Gelasius I--have suggested worse plans for infants, see De Rosa, p. There are several passages in the New Testament that point to a process of purification after death. It should be noted that the Catholic Saint Irenaeus taught that Adam and others still had a chance for eternal life--more information can be found in the article Hope of Salvation: How the Church of God Differs from Protestantism. The Easter Fire The Easter Fire is lit on the top of mountains (Easter mountain, Osterberg) and must be kindled from new fire, drawn from wood by friction (nodfyr); this is a custom of pagan origin in vogue all over Europe, signifying the victory of spring over winter (Holweck F. To this day there is a dispute between Eastern Orthodox Christians and Western Christianity. Also the COG does not observe Lent nor Ash Wedneday as they were not original practices of the church. If the COG is correct (and the Bible is on the COG's side here), then those that rely more on tradition (the Roman Catholic Church acceptance of non-godly private prophecies and writings of its "Fathers") will be supporting the Beast power that the Bible warns against. These are [to take place] in the times of the kingdom, that is, upon the seventh day, which has been sanctified, in which God rested from all the works which He created, which is the true Sabbath of the righteous, which they shall not be engaged in any earthly occupation; but shall have a table at hand prepared for them by God, supplying them with all sorts of dishes (Irenaeus. And after these things the LORD shall remove us men far away (longe nos faciet Deus homines), and those who shall remain shall multiply upon the earth." Then Daniel also says this very thing: "And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of those under the heaven, is given to the saints of the Most High God, whose kingdom is everlasting, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him." And lest the promise named should be understood as referring to this time, it was declared to the prophet: "And come thou, and stand in thy lot at the consummation of the days." Now, that the promises were not announced to the prophets and the fathers alone, but to the Churches united to these from the nations (Irenaeus. Moreover, the attitude of the Church towards the secular power had undergone a change with closer connection between her and the Roman empire. One early source taught this about Papias: It may also be worth while to add to the statements of Papias already given... Its starting point is the collegium of the apostles as a whole; together they received the promise that Jesus Christ will be with them till the end of the world (Matt 28, 20). As early as the year 93, there existed a Christian community directed by a bishop for whom St. Christian faith cannot accept “revelations” that claim to surpass or correct the Revelation of which Christ is the fulfillment, as is the case in certain non-Christian religions and also in certain recent sects which base themselves on such “revelations.” (Catechism of the Catholic Church. "And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath" (Matthew ); there would be no reason to pray this if the Sabbath was not going to be in existence. Commandment 6 "You have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not murder', and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment. Commandment 7 "You have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not commit adultery'. This can come about only with their cooperation, for they have freedom to accept or reject the redemption wrought in Christ. For as we see it not to be the case with rational natures, that some of them have lived in a condition of degradation owing to their sins, while others have been called to a state of happiness on account of their merits; but as we see those same souls who had formerly been sinful, assisted, after their conversion and reconciliation to God, to a state of happiness (Origen. The evolution will be long, incalculably long in some cases, but a time will come when God shall be all in all. “Our God is the God of salvation” (Psalm ) “And all flesh shall see the salvation of God” (Luke 3:6)... And on this point Irenaeus is correct (Irenaeus seems to get confused in some of his later writings on Antichrist though). Leo I (Sermo xlvii in Exodum) calls it the greatest feast (festum festorum), and says that Christmas is celebrated only in preparation for Easter... Yet most excuse observing Easter as a Christian worship service. The Original And True Rheims New Testament Of Anno Domini 1582. Notice: (died 543): Rejoice, oh most unhappy one, oh New Babylon! You, who are the New Babylon rejoice now on behalf of Zion! A remarkable Pope will be seated on the pontifical throne, under special protection of the angels. For as Adam was told that in the day he ate of the tree he would die, we know that he did not complete a thousand years. Thus Catholic theology seems to condemn the vast majority of humans who ever lived to some type of eternal torment (though they do this to less than many Protestants theologians seem to condemn)--this view is quite different than the view of the COG which is that all who ever lived will be offered salvation--either in this life or an age to come--and that the vast majority of humans will accept this offer for salvation and hence we tend to believe that probably 99.99% of all who ever lived will be saved (please see the articles The Catechism of the Catholic Church suggests that the millennial teaching is a doctrine of Antichrist. Roman Catholic Church: The Catholic view is different from such an individualistic and mechanical approach. The Original Church in Smyrna Was Faithful Both teach that the original church in Smyrna was faithful to what was taught by the apostles. Christianity was preached to the inhabitants at an early date. More recently, devotion to Our Lady of Fatima was accepted and encouraged by the Church. It is not their role to improve or complete Christ’s definitive Revelation... Commandment 4 "What man is there among you who has one sheep, and it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out? Therefore, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath" (Matthew -12). However, it may be of interest to read what noted historian K. Latourette observed about Origen as it is closer to the Roman Catholic position on purgatory, but closer COG position on the what will happen to those not converted in this age: Origen taught that ultimately all the spirits who have fallen away from God will be restored to full harmony with Him. When, therefore, all rational souls shall have been restored to a condition of this kind, then the nature of this body of ours will undergo a change into the glory of a spiritual body. A name given in the history of theology to the doctrine which teaches that a time will come when all free creatures will share in the grace of salvation; in a special way, the devils and lost souls. All souls, all impenitent beings that have gone astray, shall, therefore, be restored sooner or later to God's friendship. Christian love should be shown to people of all ethnicities (Romans ; Luke -37). Irenaeus correctly indicates, that he seems to have similarities to the one who would be the final Antichrist. Easter is the principal feast of the ecclesiastical year. Some, in fact, rightly label it as ‘Roman-Easter’" (p. Of course, what is not generally realized by the speakers of non-Latin languages is that the Romans did not use the name "Easter" for their new celebration; they continued to call it by the Latin word for Passover, paschalis (Ogwyn J. Most religious leaders know that Easter is the name of an ancient pagan goddess (spelled Ishtar) and some even know that the custom of Easter observance is totally UNCHRISTIAN! XI, xxix; "Quod ipse [se imperator] fecerit, si canonicum est, sequimur; si vero canonicum non est, in quantum sine peccato nostro, portamus." In taking this line Gregory was undoubtedly influenced by his deep reverence for the emperor, whom he regarded as the representative of God in all things secular, and must still be treated with all possible respect, even when he encroached on the borders of the papal authority (Huddleston, G. And he who misses the murderous exhibition is grieved, because he was not doomed to be a spectator of wicked and impious and abominable deeds (Tatian. Which is plainly spoken of that city, when it was heathen, the head of the terrene dominion of the world, the persecutor of the Apostles and their successors, the seat of Nero, Domitian, and the like, Christ's special enemies, the sink of idolatry, and false worship of the Pagan gods (Annotations on Chapter 17 of the Apocalypse. Yet, it should be realized that there are Roman and Byzantine Catholic prophecies that look forward to Babel/Babylon being re-established. For Isaiah spake thus concerning this space of a thousand years: 'For there shall be the new heaven and the new earth, and the former shall not be remembered, or come into their heart; but they shall find joy and gladness in it, which things I create'... I believe that as the last days come to an end so will the sixth day of creation (Culligan E. And while that type of "universal salvation" is interesting, those "saved" then combined with those who the Catholics teach were saved while alive earlier or in purgatory still only amounts to less than probably 30% of all humans to ever lived. As a young man, Polycarp had been a personal disciple of John and had observed the Passover with him on several occasions. The preserved history of the Sabbath-keeping Church of God has been almost entirely written by its enemies who viewed it as heretical (Ogwyn J. Throughout Christian history, the true church has normally used a version of the expression “Church of God” (or Church of Christ, cf. Zenit, October 15, 2015 Truth, and not what is "merely fashionable," must guide Christians as they enter into dialogue with those who hold different philosophies or religious beliefs, Pope Benedict XVI said..."People were created by God, who is truth, in order to find truth and not to settle for "the myths of custom, cultural habits or the fashion of the moment," he said. Contend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints (Jude 3, NKJV), Let brotherly love (Philadelphia) continue (Hebrews 13:1)…continuing stedfastly in the teaching of the apostles (Acts YLT)... The combination "the Catholic Church" (he katholike ekklesia) is found for the first time in the letter of St. But by the fourth century, Catholic became recognized as the name for what we know commonly know as the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches--even though they no longer held to the practices of the Smyrnaeans that Ignatius wrote to, when he used it originally. Nor is there any indication that the true Church should be forever based out of a single city or from Rome... But contrariwise when they had seen that to me was committed the Gospel of the prepuce, as to Peter of the circumcision 8. Still others..called 'Quartodecimans", because they wanted Easter to always be on the quartodecima die, the fourteenth day, of the Jewish month of Nisan, when Passover is. In fact, whole segments of Christianity split with the Church over this issue (Johnson, Kevin Orlin. To these things all the Asiatic Churches testify, as do also those men who have succeeded Polycarp down to the present time (Irenaeus. Book III, Chapter 4, Verse 3 and Chapter 3, Verse 4). More about the practices of the Smyrnaeans is included in the article Location of the Early Church: Another Look at Ephesus, Smyrna, and Rome. Sabbath-keeping in Asia Minor was publicly still going on to at least 364 A. or else the Eastern Church would not have convened a Council in Laodicea to excommunicate any who rested on the seventh day as it declared, CANON XXIX. We must come to God acknowledging our sin with no excuses, and recognizing our utter lack of self-sufficiency to transform ourselves. It is true that Catholics do not think that revelation ended with what is in the New Testament. John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York ) In other words, even the rosary, one of the foundations of Catholic living, is admitted to have entered the Catholic world through "private revelation"--a tradition outside the Bible (the rosary "revelation" was supposedly given to "St. As commonly divided, it is a collection of 66 books, with 39 from the Hebrew scriptures (The Old Testament Canon) and 27 from the Greek Scriptures (The New Testament Canon). II, Question lxxi), and was adopted by the Council of Trent... This is the first and the great commandment" (Matthew ). (A Treatise concerning Antichrist, Purgatory, the Invocation of Saints, and the Sacraments" as shown in Jones, William. Thus if the Roman position is true, it would seem to contradict Jesus’ teaching, as it would seem to be easier for a rich man/woman to get into heaven than a poor one who could not have as much almsgiving on his/her behalf. But even if all these facts did not exist, your own sagacity would prompt you to watch with diligence and with prayer, lest your pure minds should appear to share in the customs of a people so utterly depraved. A priest may say only one Mass each day, except that on Christmas Day he may say three (Adrian Fortescue. It seems that the form differed but little from what it is in our day. Unclean Meats Now the law has figuratively predicted all these, delineating man by the [various] animals: whatsoever of these, says [the Scripture], have a double hoof and ruminate, it proclaims as clean; but whatsoever of them do not possess one or other of these [properties], it sets aside by themselves as unclean... The "Liber Pontificalis" ascribes to Pope Eleutherius a decree that no kind of food should be despised by Christians (Et hoc iterum firmavit ut nulla esca a Christians repudiaretur, maxime fidelibus, quod Deus creavit, quæ tamen rationalis et humana est). In the flux of history, the papacy has been, not a mere spectator, but a major player. The Apostle Paul taught “we are ambassadors for Christ” (2 Corinthians ; Ephesians ). Therefore they must be slain by Antichrist (Victorinus. And I will grant my two witnesses power to prophesy for one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth. This prince shall extend his dominion over the total universe. The next faithful leader in Asia Minor..Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna. The true Church, symbolized by a woman in Revelation 12, was forced to flee into the wilderness..true Church’s history is not about one continuous human organization. The predominant biblical name of the true Church in the New Testament is “Church of God.” Variants of this expression are clearly stated singular and plural forms in twelve different places in the New Testament (Acts ; 1 Corinthians 1:2; ; ,22; ;15:9; 2 Corinthians 1:1; Galatians ; 1 Thessalonians ; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; 1 Timothy 3:5,15). Synod Turns to More Tough Issues At Press Briefing, a Reminder That “Church Has No Authority or Power to Change the Word of God”. Thus we meet such phrases as the "the catholic resurrection" (Justin Martyr), "the catholic goodness of God" (Tertullian), "the four catholic winds" (Irenaeus), where we should now speak of "the general resurrection", "the absolute or universal goodness of God", "the four principal winds", etc... The term universal or "Catholic" was not in the Bible or shown in early writings to be the name of the true Church, simply a description of one aspect of it. That the terms bishop and presbyter are synonymous is evident from Titus 1:5-7: "I left thee in Crete, that thou shouldest . However, he was only one of 12 original apostles, and there is nothing in scripture that suggests that the place of his death (which is not known as a certainty) should become the permanent headquarters for the true church. But Polycarp also was not only instructed by apostles, and conversed with many who had seen Christ, but was also, by apostles in Asia, appointed bishop of the Church in Smyrna…always taught the things which he had learned from the apostles, and which the Church has handed down, and which alone are true. The Roman Catholics do not keep various practices of the faithful Smyrnaeans such as Passover on the 14th or the days of unleavened bread. Pentecost (Jewish Feast) The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XI. Since Asia Minor (including Smyrna) was a Gentile area, the terms preparation and Sabbath would not have been relevant. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Series One, Volume 1. The Bible defines sin for us by telling us in 1 John 3:4: "To commit sin is to break God's law: sin, in fact, is lawlessness" (NEB). Paul explained in Romans 7:7 that he would have had no way of knowing that lust was a sin except that the law, the Tenth Commandment, said, "You shall not covet." Repentance involves a mindset of unconditional surrender to God of our life and our will. THE HOLY BIBLE The Holy Bible is the inspired Word of God. Augustine (fifth century) in his book of "Questions of Exodus" ("Quæstionum in Heptateuchum libri VII", Bk. "You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. He seduces the people from Christ, drawing off their minds from seeking those blessings in him, by a lively faith in God, in Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Spirit, and teaching his followers to expect them by the *will and pleasure and works of Antichrist. Yet, the Roman Church indicates that giving money on behalf of the dead helps them. There is a heaven, i.e., God will bestow happiness and the richest gifts on all those who depart this life free from original sin and personal mortal sin, and who are, consequently, in the state of justice and friendship with God (Hontheim, Joseph. Further, it is quite likely that the mention of the Blessed Virgin in the intercessions of the diptychs of the liturgy goes back to the days before the Council of Nicaea, but we have no definite evidence upon the point, and the same must be said of any form of direct invocation, even for purposes of private devotion (Herbert Thurston. Inasmuch, then, as the Church offers with single-mindedness, her gift is justly reckoned a pure sacrifice with God..bread over which thanks have been given is the body of their Lord, and the cup His blood (Irenaeus. "For we could never tolerate celebrating the Passover twice in one year. The Mass is the complex of prayers and ceremonies that make up the service of the Eucharist in the Latin rites... For a time the Saint was denounced as a heretic and the symbol regarded as idolatrous...(Cruz JC. (1 Corinthians -24, Douay-Rheims) ..first Christians...simply used the bread that served as food. For as the pomegranate, with the rind containing it, has within it many cells and compartments which are separated by tissues, and has also many seeds dwelling in it, so the whole creation is contained by the spirit of God, and the containing spirit is along with the creation contained by the hand of God (Theophilus of Antioch. Wicked angels who followed Satan are in chains of darkness, imprisoned for their own folly (Jude 6). Read it: "When once the long suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing ...." That's when Jesus preached to the spirits or wicked angels — in the days of Noah, not during the time He was dead and buried in the grave! Not only is this not taught in the Bible, it is a violation of the sign Jesus said would prove His Messiahship in Matthew . March 21, 2015) As neither group teaches that Jonah descended to Hades to preach to humans, this is something that should not be taught, though this descent doctrine is taught as dogma by the Church of Rome. He also decreed that no kind of food in common use should be rejected especially by the Christian faithful, inasmuch as God created it; provided it was a rational food and fit for human kind (Book of the Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis) 2nd edition. Liverpool University Press - Translated Texts for Historians, Liverpool, 2001, p.17). Also, in another sense, standing in the presence of the lord of the earth, that is, in the presence of Antichrist. , and in a special way France, and in France especially the provinces of the north, of the east, and above all that of Lorraine and Champagne, shall have been laid waste by the greatest miseries and trials, then the provinces shall be comforted by a prince who had been exiled in his youth, and who shall recover the crown of the lilies.